simulation centres for training
better dissemination of national research and best practices
teachers to be prepared to train learners for sustainability, as well as for specific skills, premised on lifelong learning principles
notwithstanding current initiatives for inclusion, greater efforts need to be made on inclusion as regards immigrants, disabled persons and women
greater collaboration and partnerships in labour market planning
21st century skills, including ethical value set and underpinned with adaptability
a pathways focus for training institutions to offer clear choices to learners
as much as possible, industry’s future requirements need to inform TVET curriculum development.