The first Roundtable Group Discussion was held in the morning of Day 1 of the conference, after the Keynote Addresses. 

Perhaps more than any other educational sector, TVET (Institutions and enterprises) has to react to technological, demographic and socio-economic changes, where change has become the norm: 

  • technological advancement, e.g., digitization, Industry 4.0, which is creating a shift in labour market demand
  • change of economies towards longer value chains, outsourcing
  • migration through globalization, internationalization, regionalization (expats, refugees)
  • global warming
  • green technologies, green consciousness
  • an aging population, increased female participation in the labour force.


Roundtable 1 Report

By way of responses and impacts, we have witnessed:

  • widespread workforce mobility, and much greater and more frequent employee turnover 
  • employer expectations for “skill” requirements being replaced by “competencies” or “generic” skills 
  • efforts made to enhance social inclusion in response to migration patterns

In addition to existing efforts, participants identified the need for: 

simulation centres for training 

better dissemination of national research and best practices 

teachers to be prepared to train learners for sustainability, as well as for specific skills, premised on lifelong learning principles 

notwithstanding current initiatives for inclusion, greater efforts need to be made on inclusion as regards immigrants, disabled persons and women 

greater collaboration and partnerships in labour market planning 

21st century skills, including ethical value set and underpinned with adaptability 

a pathways focus for training institutions to offer clear choices to learners

 as much as possible, industry’s future requirements need to inform TVET curriculum development.