The New Global Context: Drivers of change in favour of sustainable and inclusive development: The voices of industry, youth, conservation and social equity

The Chair for this session was David Fullerton, Chair of the Office of Applied Research and Innovation (QARI), CNA-Q, Qatar. Presentations were delivered by Dr. Mabrouk Ouederni, QAPCO's Product Development Specialist and Engineer Abdulla Naji, Chief Human Capital Officer & Information Systems Officer, Qatar Petrochemical Company (QAPCO); Giovanni Crisona, Chief Executive, Centro Studi Cultura, Italy; Cynthia Skelhorn, Research Specialist, and Alex Amato, Head of Sustainability, Qatar Green Building Council; and Thomas Schröder, Chair of International Cooperation in Education and TVET Systems; Director of Institute of General and Vocational Education, Technical University of Dortmund, Germany.

The Voice of Industry

The New Global Context: Drivers of Change- An Industrial Perspective
. Mabrouk Ouederni, Product Development Specialist  (QAPCO)and Engineer Abdulla Naji, Chief Human Capital Officer & Information Systems Officer

Partnerships are extremely important and we have to work together to find solutions. It is essential that all stakeholders work together to face arising challenges. Industry is a key stakeholder and must commit to playing a larger role.

It is in the best interest of industry to research and find the balance with regard to the environment, the market, and social inclusion. It is essential that industry be involved. Otherwise, any planned agenda will be doomed to failure because industry creates jobs and innovation, and adds value to natural resources. 

Many related examples were given of how companies, such as QAPCO, are effectively innovating in key areas such as polymer production, recycling, reducing waste water and enhancing soil.

Economic growth and sustainable development should not and do not need to work in opposite directions, if we work together.

The Voice of Youth

TVET Training Provided for Refugees in Italy: Issues and Challenges of a Children's Home
Giovanni Crisona (Centro Studi Cultura)

There are huge numbers of people on the move (65.6 million). 3.7 million came to Italy last year. This diverse population is arriving for different reasons – economic migration, family reunification and then political asylum and protection. The Italian population is slowly getting used to diversity. 

Partnerships across sectors are important (local municipalities, regional government, Non Government Organisations (NGOs) and so forth) to coordinate support for activities at a local level. With a below average percentage of 15-year-old students 

with an immigrant background and Italy’s aging population, migrants could contribute to economic development. This goes against current political debate for less migration. 

There are obstacles; for example, children have overcome great dangers, but there are more needs and the NGOs have only six months to provide supports required to obtain work. Policy makers do not understand to obtain work, young people need competencies and this requires more time.

The Voice of Social Equity

The societal objectives, the systemic interaction and the benefits of all relevant societal groups in the continuous development of the TVET system
Thomas Schröder (Technical University of Dortmund, Germany)

International comparative research undertaken by Greinert (1989, 1999) identified three typologies of TVET systems. The Market Model with less regulation, State Model with a focus on education and the Dual-Corporatistic Model which is the German model with a combination of education and training permeability. Societies with a high degree of permeability between TVET and Higher Education gain a competitive advantage. 

A big challenge remains, a change in mindset for society especially in regards to TVET. All human beings need to be critical, analytical and problem solvers – not just the top levels. We need to be mindful of this. 

The speaker refers to Vocational Action Competence. This includes pedagogical ethics and the development of personality and utilitarian ethics. TVET Operations interlinks with purposeful research that aligns directly to informing and influencing policy. Social Equity in TVET development and TVET research contribute greatly to the overall themes of this conference.

The Voice for the Environment

Skilling for the 21st Century: what we learn from international comparisons
Cynthia Skelhorn and Alex Amato (Qatar Green Building Council)

Many construction projects are occurring which aim at 2022 (World Cup): stadia, metro, waste water treatment. After 2022, a decline in construction will require less workers (estimated half a million population decline), affecting the dynamics of Qatar, particularly the construction sector. 

Currently the construction sector percentage of GDP (16%) is on a par with the retail, wholesale and financial areas (apart from the oil and gas which is much larger). By comparison, in developed countries, the construction sector averages 4-7% of GDP. 

 The presenters posed two possible scenarios for the building sector in Qatar post-2022: (1) Business as Usual. This is where generally less value is placed on skilled labour. (2) An emphasis on Neighbourhoods. Enlightened governance and modern methods of construction (including planning, insulation, energy efficiency, skilled labour, innovation). 

 Key questions for the future are: How to predict change in the sector? How do we maintain the current infrastructure? How to future-proof and build resilience into buildings and infrastructure?